Kerala, with its geographical and climatic condition, is a land suitable for agriculture production. The sufficient supply of water by the 44 rivers and its tributaries, the lakes, the backwaters and an average rainfall of 122 inches annually, facilitates agriculture to a great extent.
Kerala’s most essential and primary crop is the rice or paddy. Paddy cultivation is a part of the culture of the State. Varieties of rice are cultivated in the extensive paddy fields of Kerala. The kuttanad region, spreaded over the districts of Alappuzha, Kottayam and Pathanamthitta, is known as ‘the rice bowl of Kerala’, because of the massive production of rice in this area. Trichur and Palakkad are the other two districts of large scale paddy cultivation.
Kerala is also known as the ‘the land of spices’, because of the abundance in production of spices like black pepper, cardamom, vanilla, cinnamon, clove, turmeric and nutmeg. 97% of India’s output of black pepper is produced in Kerala.
Kerala holds a majority share in the production of natural rubber. 92% of the total production in the country is from Kerala. Rubber is cultivated in most part of the State, except in the coastal areas. Kottayam district ranks first in the production and processing of natural rubber.
Other cash crops cultivated in Kerala includes coconut, tea, coffee, cocoa, cashew, arecanut and ginger. Apart from these, tappioca, vegetables, various types of bananas, seasonal fruits, ground nuts, sesame seeds, chinese potatoes and sugarcane are also cultivated in Kerala.
Today, Kerala is undergoing a revival in the field of agriculture. Experiments are made in the method of cultivation, as a result, Home Gardening and Joint Farming are encouraged in the State.
Fish farming and Animal husbandry are also a part of Kerala’s agrarian culture.